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CFP: JAIS Special Issue on Data Science for Social Good

Monday, August 24, 2020   (0 Comments)
Posted by: Brook Pritchett

Data science is an interdisciplinary field that applies mathematics, statistics, machine learning, and data visualization techniques to extract insights and knowledge from data that are normally big and encompass both structured and unstructured formats. Jim Gray, a 1998 Turing Award winner, promoted data science as a new, fourth paradigm for scientific discovery in response to the large amounts of data generated by scientific experiments in many disciplines (Hey et al., 2009). In this vein, data science complements experimental, theoretical, and computational science as an emerging research paradigm for understanding nature and society (Bell et al., 2009). The inherently interdisciplinary nature of data science, and the fact that it is a catalyst for business transformation and technology disruption, presents many research opportunities for a diverse discipline such as Information Systems (IS). This has spurred a call for greater IS research on business data science (Saar-Tsechansky 2015). Similarly, there is a need for IS research on the development and evaluation of data science artifacts (e.g., models, methods, and systems) that address broader societal challenges. A lingering question remains: what societal challenges can IS-oriented data science research contribute towards - and how can we conduct such research to maximize impact and relevance?

It is generally accepted that the primary goal of scientific discovery and technological innovation are to improve the human condition and the overall well-being of society. As the world deals with unprecedented pandemics and grapples with painful centuries-old social justice inequities, the importance of data science for social good has once again come front and center. For example, the U.S. National Institute for Health's data science resource page lists many available datasets and computational resources (https://datascience.nih.gov/covid-19-open-access-resources). This data is being used to develop models and methods to diagnose likelihood of infection, detect outbreak hot spots, and forecast intensive care unit bed capacities. Similarly, social justice projects are attempting to democratize data science in key contexts such as crime analytics. However, it must be pointed out that data science for social good (DSSG) is not merely about applying data science techniques to data sets of societal importance. As a recent McKinsey report noted, data science/AI work exploring social good use cases cannot rely solely on a "social-first" or "tech-first" approach, but rather, must consider the amalgamation of these two perspectives (Chui et al., 2018). The IS field has noted the importance of taking a more holistic approach to such research that encompasses a socio-technical lens (Abbasi et al., 2016) spanning context, people, process, and technology. Accordingly, for this special issue, some of the major themes include:

Novel Data Science Artifacts for Social Good IT artifacts include constructs, models, methods, and instantiations (Hevner et al., 2004). Novelty lies at the intersection of artifact design as well as its application (Gregor and Hevner 2013). Whereas application domains like health and the environment have received some attention, many key areas remain underexplored (Chui et al., 2018). Examples include education, economic empowerment, security and justice, crises response, infrastructure, and hunger. For DSSG, the novel data science artifacts include new models, methods, and systems applied to interesting and timely social good use cases that enhance our knowledge and understanding of the state-of-the-art in meaningful ways.

Measuring Social Impact

Data science artifacts are often evaluated and validated based on how well they perform across a set of well-established performance metrics (e.g., accuracy and sensitivity). The importance of such metrics has been further amplified in recent years with the rise of data analytics competitions, crowd-sourcing platforms, and leaderboards. While such metrics are important, and in some respects, they constitute the "price of admission" for artifact design, they often fail to consider key downstream implications - humanistic outcomes and societal impact. This is what some IS scholars have described as "going the last research mile...using scientific knowledge and methods to address important unsolved classes of problems for real people with real stakes in the outcomes" (Nunamaker et al., 2015, p. 11). Research geared towards measuring social impact might include (but is not limited to) new methods, constructs, or case studies that enhance our understanding of how to quantify and assess the social impact of data science artifacts.

Data Science Ethics and Governance Considerations Important data science considerations related to trust, explainability, bias, fairness, privacy, and ethical use are beginning to garner a fair amount of attention from policy makers, academia, and the business community - and for good reason. However, much work has taken a univariate tunnel-vision perspective that fails to consider the interplay between these factors. As one example, through immersive longitudinal field research, we know that DSSG projects examining the efficacy of interventions geared towards health disparate populations should consider the intersections between factors such as trust, bias, privacy, and fairness (Abbasi et al., 2018; Taylor et al., 2018). We welcome research that explores the complexity of ethical challenges and governance considerations related to the application of data science in interesting societally impactful contexts.

Topics of Interest

The DSSG follows a tradition of IS research that examines how the advancement of information technology and systems address societal challenges such as digital divide and social inclusion. Data science has a great potential to provide tremendous social benefits in the future. This special issue advocates the need for more IS research in studying DSSG, and encourages the creation and evaluation of data science artifacts to examine and address societal challenges in a variety of contexts and domains. In addition, this special issue seeks to promote collaborations between IS researchers that are technically focused and those with more of a social/people focus. Our hope is that this special issue sparks in-depth examination about where data science capabilities can be applied to address societal challenges in ways that are unique, thought-provoking, and impactful.

This JAIS special issue welcomes original research for addressing societal challenges in various domains and areas, including, but not limited to, the following:

  • Crises response
  • Healthcare and welfare
  • Public transportation and safety
  • Education and employment
  • Security and law enforcement
  • Urban planning and development
  • Environmental protection, clean energy, and sustainability
  • Not-for-profit organizations and government agencies' services
  • Ethnical and social biases embedded in datasets and analytics methods
  • Social justice, disparities, inequality and poverty

Submission Process and Timelines

In the extended abstract and full paper submission, authors should clearly justify the novelty and significance of their work. We encourage prospective authors to read the recent JAIS editorial on "What's in a Contribution?" to justify their research's significant and novel contributions to the IS discipline regarding Data Science for Social Good (Leidner 2020). All submissions must be original and not be published or under review elsewhere. Papers should be submitted following the standard JAIS submission procedure (https://aisel.aisnet.org/jais/). All JAIS submission guidelines must be met. Although optional, authors are strongly encouraged to contact the co-editors with a 1-3 page extended abstract by November 15, 2020 to evaluate research fit with the special issue. The co-editors also plan to organize an online paper development workshop in the summer of 2021. Authors of invited to submit a revision for a second round of review will have an opportunity to present their work at this workshop. The exact date and format of this online workshop will be determined after the first round of review.

November 15, 2020:        1-3 page extended abstract submission

February 15, 2021:           Full paper submission

June 15, 2021:                    Notification of first round review

October 15, 2021:             Revised manuscript submission

January 15, 2022:              Notification of second round review

April 15, 2022:                    Second revision submission

July 15, 2022:                     Notification of final decision

Special Issue Editorial Board

The co-editors will invite reviewers from the JAIS editorial board and the broader IS community to join this special issue's editorial board. 

Special Issue Co-Editors

- Ahmed Abbasi, University of Notre Dame (aabbasi@nd.edu)

- Roger H.L. Chiang, University of Cincinnati (roger.chiang@uc.edu)

- Jennifer Xu, Bentley University (jxu@bently.edu)


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